The City of Garden

LalBagh Botanical Garden

LalBagh Botanical Garden Location Map

Lalbagh garden in Bangalore is one of the rarest gardens in India, having the prestige of a government recognized garden. Located across a massive 240 acres; the garden is a prized possession of the city of Bangalore.

History of Lalbagh

What is known today as the Lalbagh Botanical garden was a private garden of Hyder Ali who was the most famous ruler of Mysore in the 18th century. The construction of the garden was started in 1760 under the supervision of Hyder Ali but it was only during the reign of Tipu Sultan (son of Hyder Ali) that the garden was completed. The garden was then located in an area of 40 acres and had a marvelous collection of red roses which led to it being called Lalbagh (Red Garden).

Architecture of Lalbagh

The Lalbagh is said to be inspired in design by the Mughal Gardens which were quite popular at the time of construction of Lalbagh. The specialists in gardening – the Thigala Community were given the task of beautifying the garden. There are four different entry gates to Lalbagh in all the four directions. The major attractions of the garden include:
  • Lalbagh Glass House: The glass house in Lalbagh built in 1898, is inspired from the London’s Crystal palace. The Glass House appears as a shining white monument in glass hosting a wide array of colourful flowers in the morning whereas at night it is lit up in golden light creating a view which is a treat to the eyes. It is here that the flower shows are held in the months of January and August every year. Lalbagh has around 1854 species of plants some of which are very rare and exported from different parts of the world. The different species of plants found in the garden include Agathis sp., Amherstia nobilis, Araucaria sp., Averrhoa bilimbi, Bambusa sp., Bixa orellana, Brownea grandiceps, Castanospermum australe, Cola acuminata, Corypha umbraculifera, Couroupita guianensis, Cupressus sp., Eriobotrya japonica, Magnolia sp among others.

  • Lake in Lalbagh: There also is a lake situated in the vicinity of the Lalbagh. This lake situated in an area of 30 acres is one of the primary reasons for the development of the garden in this area of Bangalore as it makes for a beautiful view within the garden and meets the water requirements for the nourishment of plants in the garden.

  • Kempegowda Tower: The Kempegowda Tower is a monolithic rock formation in the Lalbagh garden. It is one of the four towers that were built by Kempegowda who apparently built the city of Bangalore. It is visited by people in large numbers and recently a proposal has been made to host a laser show besides this tower depicting the history of Bangalore city to the tourists.

Lalbagh as a Centre of Education

Department of Horticulture in Bangalore conducts regular training sessions for the people giving them knowledge about different plants and tips on good gardening.


The garden opens for the public at 6 am in the morning and closes at 7 in the evening on all the days of the week.

How to Reach the Lalbagh

Lalbagh is located in the residential area of Jayanagar in Bangalore city. Once in the city you can hire a private taxi or a cab which will take you to the garden easily or you can also opt for the BTIS (Bangalore Transport Informatuon System) buses heading to Jayanagar.

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